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Dimensions:
234 × 156 × 22 mm
280 pages
Format:
Hardback
ISBN:
9781861892485
Illustrations:
27 illustrations, 13 in colour
Published:
01 Apr 2005

Synthetic Worlds Nature, Art and the Chemical Industry Esther Leslie

Synthetic Worlds considers the remarkable alliance between chemistry and art, taking us from the late eighteenth century to the period immediately following the Second World War. Esther Leslie offers fascinating new insights into the place of the material object and the significance of the natural, the organic, the inorganic and the synthesized in this poetics of science.

Through its dazzling innovations, which began in the nineteenth century, chemistry has granted new colours and surfaces, new substances, coatings and textures to the world. Often they are the result of accidents or the by-products of pollution. Chemistry has also invented simulants and surrogates for naturally occurring materials. Sometimes these developments confounded earlier alchemical and Romantic philosophies of science and nature, but, at other times, dynamic theories of chemical action combined with the emergent chemistry textbook orthodoxy. For example, the colour wheels of Goethe and Philipp Otto Runge, Hegelian theories of a spirit that inhabits dyes and 'drives' materials, and Romantic ideas of the weddings of substances influenced the experiments that boosted the successful German chemical industry after the 1840s. In turn, chemistry's discoveries seeped back into philosophy and art.

Esther Leslie’s Synthetic Worlds considers this and other startling affinities between chemistry, industry, aesthetics and art. Themes include the impact of artificial imitations and synthetics, the location of value, the mutability of substance, chemical fragility and artistic technique, the poetics of the inorganic and pollution, Bauhaus-influenced modulation and patina in art practice, and nationalist narratives of chemical breakthrough.

‘Her book is filled with sparkling things.’ — The Guardian

‘. . . a gripping, mostly German history of a 200-year period during which perceptions about the relationship between art and nature were profoundly affected by the chemical industry, sometimes with devastating consequences . . . absorbing, shocking and funny.’ — Modern Painters

‘. . . a remarkable work of scholarship that is rewarding to read at many levels. Although page-turner is not an adjective normally associated with reviews of academic books, it is one that sums up the enjoyment I had when reading Synthetic Worlds . . . it offers a source of well-researched information, thought-provoking debate and an enjoyable read.’ — The Times Higher Education Supplement

‘An original account of the material history of colour as synthesised by chemistry.’ — Art Monthly

Synthetic Worlds revisits several aspects of our knowledge of the fascinating story of the emergence of artificial substances from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century in doing so it serves as an excellent example of how we might further explore a major technological change in history . . . a daring and original book.’ — Isis

‘Leslie has produced a sparkling, kaleidoscopic exploration of what happened to art, aesthetics and the human condition when natural products were replaced by synthetic ones, and how industrial progress and consumerism have thrown up waste and pollution that even chemists cannot transform into value within a human timescale . . . Leslie's hypnotic and stylish prose ranges widely.’ — Ambix: The Journal of the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry


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Esther Leslie is Professor of Political Aesthetics in the School of English and Humanities at Birkbeck, University of London. She is the author of Walter Benjamin: Overpowering Conformism (2000), Hollywood Flatlands: Critical Theory, Animation and the Avant-garde (2002) Synthetic Worlds: Nature, Art and the Chemical Industry (Reaktion, 2005), and the editor and translator of On Photography by Walter Benjamin (Reaktion, 2015).

introduction:
Glints, Facets and Essence
 
one
Substance and Philosophy, Coal and Poetry
 
two
Eyelike Blots and Synthetic Colour
 
three
Shimmer and Shine, Waste and Effort in the Exchange Economy
 
four
Twinkle and Extra-terrestriality:  A Utopian Interlude
 
five
Class Struggle in Colour
 
six
Nazi Rainbows
 
seven
Abstraction and Extraction in the Third Reich
 
eight
After Germany:  Pollutants, Aura and Colours That Glow
 
conclusion:
Nature's Beautiful Corpse
 
References
Select Bibliography
Acknowledgements
Index