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234 × 156 × 31 mm
296 pages
9 illustrations
11 Feb 2019

Gilded Youth Privilege, Rebellion and the British Public School James Brooke-Smith

The British public school is an iconic institution, a training ground for the ruling elite and a symbol of national identity and tradition. But beyond the elegant architecture and evergreen playing fields is a turbulent history of teenage rebellion, sexual dissidence and political radicalism. James Brooke-Smith wades into the wilder shores of public-school life over the last 300 years in Gilded Youth. He uncovers armed mutinies in the late-eighteenth century, a Victorian craze for flagellation, dandy-aesthetes of the 1920s, quasi-scientific discourse on masturbation, Communist scares in the 1930s and the salacious tabloid scandals of the present day.

Drawing on personal experience, extensive research and public school representations in poetry, school slang, spy films, popular novels and rock music, Brooke-Smith offers a fresh account of upper-class adolescence in Britain and the role of elite private education in shaping youth culture. He shows how this central British institution has inspired a counter-culture of artists, intellectuals, and radicals – from Percy Shelley and George Orwell, to Peter Gabriel and Richard Branson – who have rebelled against both the schools themselves and the wider society for which they stand. Written with verve and humour, this is a highly original cultural history in the tradition of Owen Jones’s The Establishment: And How They Get Away With It.

‘[an] entertaining and rather racy history of subversiveness at the great public schools . . . The details are glorious and told with relish.’ — Financial Times

‘even those exhausted with this well-worn topic may be intrigued by Mr. Brooke-Smith's examination of the surprisingly complex history of public school dissent . . . Beyond depiction of later well-known (but less violent) examples of public-school rebellion, Mr. Brooke-Smith identifies intriguing patterns of cultural subversion . . . The author's disapproval of what he believes to be the unfair prominence of public-school alumni . . . has been, I suspect, sharpened by the way it persists in a dramatically changed Britain.’ — Wall Street Journal

‘The class that runs Britain has always practiced tolerance and absorption of its enemies and critics as a strategy in its long survival. James Brooke-Smith’s highly entertaining cultural history of the British public school has many examples of this tendency.’ — Alex Renton, The Spectator

‘[Gilded Youth] comes dripping with liberal guilt . . . he simply hates the institution and wants it demolished forthwith.’ — Private Eye

‘For a scholarly study of the British educational system’s upper tier, Gilded Youth is unusually rife with tension . . . The commitment to impartiality is elegantly set down in a chapter about the “secret life” of the Victorian schoolboy . . . Yet it soon becomes clear that he was asked to leave the public school at which he fetched up (Shrewsbury) in his mid-teens, hates the institution that nurtured him like poison and would like to see its playing fields dug up for cabbages. All this gives these well-researched pages on the theme of public school “rebellion” an undeniable piquancy.’ — The Guardian

Gilded Youth is an entertaining but serious study of how public schools came about, their history and their pre-eminent position today.’ — Country Life

‘Brooke-Smith seeks to explain why this group of elite schools still has“such a powerful grip on our social institutions and cultural imagination”. Brooke-Smith’s answer, and the focus of this timely and often amusing literary study of “rebellion”among the privately educated, is that public schools generated dissent amongst their pupils as much as they forged conformity to dominant values . . . Gilded Youth helps make sense of an important part of this story – but it is also important as a contribution to the literature on class and youth culture in modern Britain.’ — Journal of British Studies

‘[Brooke-Smith’s] thesis is spot on – that the public school rebels who embrace counterculture can still rely on rich families, powerful contacts and polished manners to get them through.’ — Catholic Herald

‘To each icon, its iconoclasts: so goes Brooke-Smith’s excellent debut . . . Few things are so emblematic of Britain as its elite schools and the posh culture that they export. Yet in the face of modern egalitarianism, why so? The key, Brooke-Smith holds, to understanding these self-fashioned bastions of "organic tradition and national heritage," continually "at the center of national life," lies in their own rebels . . . Gilded Youth is our author’s own thorough, thoughtful, and articulate rebellion. Brooke-Smith acknowledges that he has "chosen to be more one-sided" in his writing and indeed his dislike of public schools, one of which he attended for a time, is evident. But for all his bias, dedicated research abounds. His prose flows with material from novels, government reports, memoirs, and more, and 33 pages of partial bibliography tail the volume. Whatever his convictions, the breadth of his knowledge and the earnestness with which he approaches his subject make Gilded Youth a fantastic read that cannot be dismissed.’ — Open Letters Review

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James Brooke-Smith is an Associate Professor of English Literature at the University of Ottawa. His writing has appeared in the Times Literary Supplement, Village Voice and Public Books.

Introduction: Permanent Adolescence

1 Floreat Seditio
2 Thomas Arnold’s Schooldays
3 The Secret Life of the Victorian Schoolboy
4 Classics and Nonsense
5 Athletes and Aesthetes
6 Red Menace
7 Going Underground
8 The Ordinary Elite

Select Bibliography
Photo Acknowledgements